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  • Major Deforestation Footprint a Risk for Yum China’s Secondary Listing

    Yum China Holding Inc. (YUMC) is the largest restaurant chain in China. In June 2020, YUMC reportedly filed for a confidential secondary listing in Hong Kong. This report presents the company’s deforestation risk exposure and associated financial risks. Download the PDF here: Major Deforestation Footprint a Risk for Yum China’s Secondary Listing Key Findings: As …

  • July 2, 2020 • •

    FMCGs’ Lagging Efforts in NDPE Execution Lead to Deforestation, USD 16-82B Reputation Risk

    Fast Moving Consumer Good (FMCG) companies have increasingly developed zero-deforestation or NDPE policies. Still, deforestation continues to show up in the supply chain of various FMCGs for which palm oil and its derivatives are a material input. Weak monitoring and verification mechanisms at times allow leakage of deforestation-linked palm oil into supply chains and consequently …

  • June 30, 2020 •

    Spot Market Purchases Allow Deforestation-Linked Palm Oil to Enter NDPE Supply Chains

    The palm oil industry has seen considerable transformation in the last few years, as suppliers that are not compliant with NDPE policies have been increasingly excluded from supply chains. However, these gains are undermined when the same suppliers enter supply chains via spot purchases. Yet, little is known about the spot market. This paper seeks …

  • May 26, 2020 •

    Bahasa Indonesia Translated Reports

    Laporan diterjemahkan ke Bahasa Indonesia Pembelian di Pasar Spot Memungkinkan Minyak Kelapa Sawit yang Berkaitan dengan Deforestasi untuk Memasuki Rantai Pasokan NDPE Industri perkelapasawitan mengalami transformasi yang cukup berarti selama beberapa tahun terakhir, karena semakin banyak pemasok yang tidak mematuhi kebijakan NDPE dikeluarkan dari rantai pasokan. Namun, kemajuan ini dilemahkan oleh situasi ketika pemasok yang …


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Chain Reaction Research (CRR) strives to provide objective insight and unbiased analysis on market trends and company and investor risk for its readers. CRR determines content based on what is considered to be of broad interest to readers and whether it can provide candid, high-level debate.


Chain Reaction Research conducts free sustainability risk analysis for financial analysts, credit analysts, commercial bankers, institutional investors, corporations, and other stakeholders. Our special focus is demonstrating that deforestation is material financial risk. We focus on tropical deforestation-related commodities including palm oil, soy, cattle, coffee, cacao, timber pulp and paper, and other products. We are funded by the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the International Climate and Forest Initiative (NICFI) scheme managed by the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad), and the Moore Charitable Foundation. Chain Reaction Research statements and materials do not necessarily reflect the standpoints of the Packard Foundation, the Moore Foundation or Norad.




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