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  • June 15, 2021 • palm oil seeds

    FMCGs, Retail Earn 66% of Gross Profits in Palm Oil Value Chain

    The palm oil value chain contains a number of stakeholder groups, such as smallholders, large plantations, refineries, the fast-moving consumer good (FMCG) industry, the oleochemical and pharmaceutical industry, and the retail and food service sector. In every step of the chain, palm oil is further processed or is embedded in products which contain other ingredients, …

  • May 7, 2021 •

    Oil Palm Expansion in Peninsular Malaysia Is Guided by Non-Transparency

    Malaysia is the world’s second-largest palm oil producer, after Indonesia. Peninsular Malaysia accounts for more than 12 percent of world production and produces approximately half of Malaysia’s palm oil. It also hosts a large number of forests rich in biodiversity and large carbon stock. How are Peninsular Malaysia’s forests protected from more deforestation for oil …

  • April 9, 2021 •

    Japan: Major Financier and Buyer of Leakage Palm Oil and Plywood

    This report discusses the role of Japan in the worldwide palm oil and timber market, looking particularly at the country’s position as a buyer and financier of unsustainable palm oil and plywood. Download the PDF here: Japan: Major Financier and Buyer of Leakage Palm Oil and Plywood Download the Indonesian version here: Japan: Major Financier …

  • Key Cerrado Deforesters in 2020 Linked to the Clearing of More Than 110,000 Hectares

    The Cerrado biome, a vast, biodiverse tropical savannah in Brazil, is under threat from commodity-driven deforestation. Soy expansion and cattle ranching are direct drivers of forest loss in the Cerrado. This report presents new data on specific actors linked to Cerrado deforestation in 2020, including the quantified risk exposure of the largest soy traders, meatpackers, …


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  • April 28, 2021 • •

    WEBINAR: Japan’s Role in Global Palm Oil and Timber Markets

    Japan is a large buyer of palm oil and timber products from Indonesia and Malaysia. While the country has promoted sustainability ahead of the 2021 Tokyo Olympics, sourcing policies are still inadequate. Against this backdrop, Japan’s large demand for palm oil and plywood is linked to deforestation and leakage markets for both commodities. Japan is …

  • March 30, 2021 • •

    WEBINAR: Evaluating the Universe of Risks in Indonesia Palm Oil

    On April 15th, the Zoological Society of London SPOTT (ZSL SPOTT), Chain Reaction Research (CRR), and Orbitas hosted a webinar to discuss financiers should analyze a broad range of risks amongst palm oil companies in Indonesia as well as the whole supply chain to inform their ESG investment and lending strategies. Combining company transparency and …

  • December 18, 2020 • •

    WEBINAR: South Korea’s Ties to Unsustainable Palm

    CRR research has found that South Korean companies are significant leakage players as both developers of plantations and buyers of palm oil products. Six South Korean plantation owners have significant non-compliance issues linked, to environmental, social, and human rights issues. The top South Korean buyers of Indonesian palm lack the world’s best sustainability commitments, and …

  • December 10, 2020 •

    WEBINAR: Deforestation Risks for Brazil’s Big Meatpackers

    JBS, Marfrig, and Minerva are the largest meat processors in Brazil, dominating beef processing and exports. Our latest report assesses the companies’ exposure to deforestation and analyses their market, reputation, and technology risks. Our analysis shows: – The companies show little progress in monitoring indirect supply chains; – They face material financial risks from European …


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Chain Reaction Research (CRR) strives to provide objective insight and unbiased analysis on market trends and company and investor risk for its readers. CRR determines content based on what is considered to be of broad interest to readers and whether it can provide candid, high-level debate.

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Chain Reaction Research conducts free sustainability risk analysis for financial analysts, credit analysts, commercial bankers, institutional investors, corporations, and other stakeholders. Our special focus is demonstrating that deforestation is material financial risk. We focus on tropical deforestation-related commodities including palm oil, soy, cattle, coffee, cacao, timber pulp and paper, and other products. We are funded by the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the International Climate and Forest Initiative (NICFI) scheme managed by the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad), and the Moore Charitable Foundation. Chain Reaction Research statements and materials do not necessarily reflect the standpoints of the Packard Foundation, the Moore Foundation or Norad.




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