A New CEO: New Direction?
In April 2016, Mr. Zakaria Bin Arshad became Felda Global Ventures (FGV:MK) CEO and Group President. During his tenure, FGV’s shares have risen by approximately 50% and the company’s Q2 2016 net profit rose 35% compared to the same period year before. The company has also recently released a new sourcing policy, which emphasizes creating value for shareholders by disclosing and mitigating environmental and social risks.
FGV is one of the largest palm oil producers globally and a leading Malaysian grower with access to a 784,000 hectare land bank. The company is 75% owned by Malaysian government related-entities and is an important supplier to Wilmar (22% owned by ADM), Musim Mas, and IOI Corporation. FGV’s move toward greater transparency and attempts to mitigate environmental and social risks may also indicate changes at the Malaysian Palm Oil Council.
Context: Why this Matters to Shareholders and Stakeholders
In April 2016 Chain Reaction Research profiled FGV’s sustainability risks to its new leadership including a potential $6 to $12 million 2016 cash flow risk-at-risk should FGV be suspended by RSPO or lose buyers due to non-compliance with their NDPE sourcing policies.
In May 2016, FGV self-suspended or withdrew its 58 mills in Malaysia from the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) and announced the Group might spend $8 to $10 million over a three year period to recertify its mills to RSPO.
For example, in 2013, FGV acquired PT Temila Agro Abadi (PT TAA), a company accused of draining a significant portion of its High Conservation Value (HCV) forests and peatlands (Figure 1 and Figure 2). As illustrated in the recent IOI Corporation case where IOI lost 27 corporate customers due to non-compliance with their No Deforestation, No Palm, No Exploitation (NDPE) sourcing policies, PT TAA’s forest conversion produces possible procurement policy risk that could be financially material to both FGV and its corporate buyers.
|Subsidiary||Total land bank (ha)||Peatland (ha)||Total cleared 2010-15 (ha)|
Figure 1: Possible PT TAA peatland conversion
Figure 2: Possible PT TAA peatland and HCV forest draining August 21, 2014
FGV: New Policy Analysis
One of the April 2016 Chain Reaction Research key suggestions was that FGV’s management and Board of Directors “adopt integrated sustainability and financial risk analysis from the Board of Directors to the plantation manager to improve overall risk management”. This recommendation is reflected in FGV’s new NDPE policy, approved by the company’s Board of Directors on August 25, 2016.
FGV’s Board of Directors now directs its sustainability strategy and reports will be issued annually. The company has committed to provide accurate, factual, and balanced information on its sustainability initiatives to all its shareholders and stakeholders.
The new policy includes:
- Pledging no conversion of High Conservation Value (HCV) areas, peat soil, and / or areas with High Carbon Stock (HCS) and implementation of best management practices on existing peatland estates.
- Reporting and managing its carbon footprint, and benchmarking its GHG emissions to industry peers with the intent to reduce emissions.
- Incorporating methods, where possible, to reduce direct and indirect environmental impacts in its supply chain and encouraging its partners to embrace sustainable practices.
- Applying Guidelines for the Implementation of the ASEAN Policy on Zero Burning (2003), and other fire protection measures ensuring no open burning and immediate response to fires.
- Providing a continuous management framework to upgrade and improve its Health, Safety, and Environment Management Framework while supporting Settlers as much as possible.
- Respecting the right of Indigenous Peoples and surrounding communities by ensuring that any development or acquisition on or in the vicinity of their land is not in violation of their rights based on traditional and customary practices.
- Working with the relevant buyers and suppliers and stakeholders to ensure raw materials, specifically palm oil products are derived from suppliers in support of NDPE commitments.
- Utilizing legal channels as a means for peaceful, legitimate resolution, agreeable to both parties.
- According to Aidenvironment, some peatland clearance still continues in West Kalimantan, and have been reported to the RSPO Remediation and Compensation Panel.
- According to Aidenvironment, FGV defines peat as greater than 50 cm of depth instead of “regardless of depth”.
- FGV’s new policy does not provide for clear disclosure about the possible need to restore peatlands and biodiversity.
- Many competitors’ NDPE policies mention that third-party suppliers need to comply with the policy for all their operations, which is not clearly covered in FGV’s new policy.
- Finally, as many alleged victims of companies often have no resources or knowledge to go to court, FGV should add non-judicial grievance mechanisms to the policy.
Before FGV’s $3.1 billion June 2012 IPO, FGV set a goal to become the world’s largest palm oil company with a targeted land bank of over 1 million ha. In fact, in its IPO prospectus required FGV to provide a certification plan in accordance with RSPO criteria. Despite a number of acquisitions, FGV did not reach either goal. Instead, over the same period, FGV saw its share price decrease 55% to RM2.34. Now, FGV’s leadership is working tackle the twin concerns of increasing shareholder returns while mitigating financially material environmental and social risks.